The Caribbean Islands
The Caribbean Islands is a massive archipelago located in the Caribbean Sea, that can be subdivided into a few different regions: the Lucayan Archipelago, the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the ABC Islands. There are 13 sovereign states and 17 dependent territories in the Caribbean, and the predominant languages are English, Spanish, French, Dutch and Antillean creole. The Caribbean sprawls across more than 1.06 million square miles and is primarily located between North America and South America.
The most-visited region in the Caribbean
Haiti is a country of the Caribbean, is a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola which it shares with the Dominican Republic in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. Port au Prince is the capital city of Haiti. Due to ongoing unrest and...
In many ways, Jamaica epitomizes what the Caribbean is all about. This gorgeous island nation is situated west of Hispaniola and south of Cuba. The capital city, Kingston, is a wonderfully cosmopolitan place and offers a variety of great cultural and historical...
Because it is an official territory of the United States, Puerto Rico is a convenient vacation destination for American travelers. Spanish and English are the main languages on this large island, which boasts a population of around 4 million people. Roman Catholicism...
With its gorgeous coral reefs and shimmering, clear, turquoise waters, the Cayman Islands have long been a popular playground for travelers. The islands are particularly popular among divers, and excellent scuba diving and snorkeling sites abound. This UK overseas...
Near the end of 2014, reports swirled that the long-time embargo and other restrictions placed on this massive island nation by the U.S. were finally being lifted. If that comes to pass, Cuba should start enjoying a massive influx of American visitors in the years to...
Stretching across two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, you’ll find the Dominican Republic. The other third of the island is taken up by the country of Haiti. With the Caribbean Sea to the south and the North Atlantic Ocean to the north, the Dominican Republic is...
The Lesser Antilles
form the border between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic, made up of the Leeward, the Windward & the ABC islands
The majority of the islands in the Lesser Antilles form the border between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic. They are located in the northern part of the West Indies. The islands here are further divided into the three regions: the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, the ABC Islands
the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles chain
Sandwiched between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago, St. Kitts and Nevis offers a compelling mix of West Indian, French and English influences. Numerous ancient British forts dot the landscape, so history buffs are sure to have a field day. The islands roughly form...
Saint Martin is the northern region of an island nation divided between France and the Netherlands. Saint Martin is a French territory covering about two-thirds of the island located in the Leeward Island region. It is well known for its nude beaches and high-end,...
Saint Barthélemy is a small island less than ten square miles located north of Saint Kitts and southeast of Saint Martin. It is a French territory with a mixture of people speaking French and Creole. Saint Barthelemy is a popular tourist attraction especially for the...
Sint Eustatius is a small island located in the northern Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, south of Sint Maarten and northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis. In Oranjestad, the capital of Sint Eustatius, there are a variety of historical sites to visit. Capital...
Sint Maartin is the southern region of the island nation, Saint Martin, divided between France and the Netherlands. Sint Maarten is the Netherlands territory covering about one-third of the island. It is known for its nightlife, beaches, casinos, and its native...
This charming string of islands is situated between the North Atlantic and the Caribbean, and it’s to the east of Puerto Rico. Its capital city, Charlotte Amalie, is brimming with unique and interesting historical and cultural attractions. The official currency is the...
Located in the Leeward Islands, Guadeloupe has two main islands with numerous smaller ones. Though Basse-Terre is the capital of the island, the main tourist area is located in Grande-Terre. Visitors are attracted to the coral reefs and numerous beaches of black,...
This British territory is part of the Lesser Antilles chain located in the Leeward Islands. Montserrat is a very small island covering only 40 square miles in the vast Caribbean. The small island is home to many exotic and rare plants and animals. The island is a...
Mount Scenery is the active volcano of the island and is located in The Bottom which is the capital city of Saba. The island is especially known for its ecotourism, having exceptional scuba diving, climbing and hiking. Capital city - The Bottom Language - Dutch and...
Anguila is an British Overseas Territory usually accessed by ferry boats and cruise ships. The territory, which is north of St. Martin, has flat, low-lying terrain. Its tallest point, Crocus Hill, is only 65 meters high. Anguilla boasts some of the most beautiful...
With its location off the coast of South America and east-southeast of Puerto Rico, Antigua and Barbuda is a wildly popular tourist destination. English is predominately spoken here, and the official currency is the East Caribbean dollar. The majority of the tourist...
It should come as no surprise that English is the official language of the British Virgin Islands, or BVIs, as they are known by locals. The terrain of many of the more than 40 islands and keys is incredibly flat. In fact, Anegada is known as the Drowned Island...
This lovely British commonwealth is located off the coast of Central America and north of Trinidad and Tobago. The Twin Pitons, matching, cone-shaped peaks, are its most treasured and well-known landmarks. The capital is Castries, the official currency is the East...
This island cluster lies within the Lesser Antilles south of St. Lucia and west of Barbados. The island cluster is 150 square miles with the main land consisting of St. Vincent while the northern two-thirds of the region is made up of the Grenadines. The island...
Although it’s the most industrialized nation in the Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago is still bursting with amazing scenery and a wide array of incredible attractions. Because tourism isn’t a pivotal part of the economy here, the country features huge expanses of...
Sainte Anne is the popular city on this Windward Island located south of Dominica. Sainte Anne is the centerpiece of beautiful beaches, rainforests and exotic scenery. The weather is just as beautiful as the scenery with a typical tropical climate. Though, the best...
Barbados is a lovely island located in the Caribbean Sea Windward islands. The word “Barbados” means “bearded ones,” and it refers to the fig trees that explorers were drawn in by during their excursions to the region several centuries ago. Barbados is often referred...
Dominica is an island nation located in the Lesser Antilles area south of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique. Known for its luscious rainforests and warm, tropical climate, Dominica is a popular vacation spot that offers a wide variety of water and land...
Nicknamed “The Spice Isle,” Grenada has far more to offer than just sandy white beaches. It’s actually made up of several small islands, and they are located southwest of St. Vincent and the Grenadines and northeast of Trinidad and Tobago. The nickname is derived by...
the three western-most islands of the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea
Situated just 15 miles north of the Venezuelan coast, the flat, river-less island of Aruba is widely regarded as one of the most peaceful and beautiful locations in the Caribbean. The temperature here tends to hover around 80 degrees all year, and Atlantic trade winds...
The flat, tiny island of Bonaire is often overlooked by Caribbean vacationers, and that’s a shame. Like Aruba, it boasts an amazing climate, and it’s safely out of the hurricane band. The “rainy season” runs from October to January, but total precipitation is low....
With a population of around 142,000 people, Curacao is more populated than its neighbors. Visitors are dazzled not only by its incredible beaches but by the traditional Dutch architecture with bright, pastel colors. In addition to natural attractions, the territory is...
Its proximity to the U.S. makes it a very popular vacation destination
The Bahamas are located north of the Greater Antilles and southeast of Florida, technically the location of the Bahamas is in the North Atlantic Ocean, and not in the Caribbean, yet sometimes the Bahamas are encompassed as being islands of the Caribbean. A significant...
Although they're often overshadowed by their closest neighbor, the Bahamas, the Turks and Caicos Islands are a worthwhile vacation destination in their own right. In fact, in many ways, this charming island chain offers a more authentic "deserted island" feel than any...
Map with situation of the Caribbean in the WorldThe Caribbean islands are located in the region of the Caribbean Sea. The Caribbean Sea region is located southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, north of South America and West of the Atlantic Ocean. The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands, considered as the Lucayan Archipelago and do not border the Caribbean Sea, they are technically part of the West Indies but not the Caribbean. The mainland countries of Belize, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana are often included as Caribbean Islands due to their political and cultural ties with the region.
The Caribbean islands are made of 25 independent countries and other territories
- Anguilla (Anguilla is a British overseas territory since 1980)
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Aruba (Aruba is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
- British Virgin Islands (BVI is a British overseas territory )
- Virgin Gorda
- Jost Van Dyke
- Caribbean Netherlands also known as the BES islands are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea. Consist of the islands of
- Sint Eustatius
- Cayman Islands (Cayman Islands is a British Overseas Territory since 1962)
- Curaçao (Curaçao is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
- Dominican Republic
- Guadeloupe (France overseas territory since 1946)
- Martinique (France overseas territory since 1946)
- Montserrat (Montserrat is a British Overseas Territory established since 1632)
- Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States since 1898)
- Saint Barthélemy (Saint Barthélemy is an overseas collectivity of France since 2007, having been previously a french colony since 1648, exchanged with Sweden in 1784 and sold back to France in 1878)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Martin (France overseas territory)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Sint Maarten (Sint Maarten is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI are a British Overseas Territory)
- United States Virgin Islands USVI is a territory of the United States. Consist of the main islands of
- Saint Croix
- Saint John
- Saint Thomas
- Basseterre is the capital city of Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Basse-Terre is the capital city of Guadeloupe
- Brades is the capital city of Montserrat
- Bridgetown is the capital city of Barbados
- Castries is the capital city of Saint Lucia
- Charlotte Amalie is the capital city of United States Virgin Islands
- Cockburn Town is the capital city of Turks and Caicos Islands
- Fort de France is the capital city of Martinique
- George Town is the capital city of Cayman Islands
- Gustavia is the capital city of Saint Barthèlemy
- Havana is the capital city of Cuba
- Kingston is the capital city of Jamaica
- Kingstown is the capital city of Saint Vincent & The Grenadines
- Kralendijk is the capital city of Bonaire
- Marigot is the capital city of Saint Martin
- Nassau is the capital city of The Bahamas
- Oranjestad is the capital city of Aruba
- Philipsburg is the capital city of Saint Maarten
- Port au Prince is the capital city of Haiti
- Port of Spain is the capital city of Trinidad and Tobago
- Road Town is the capital city of Tortola, British Virgin Islands
- Roseau is the capital city of Dominica
- Saint George’s is the capital city of Grenada
- Saint John s is the capital city of Antigua & Barbuda
- San Juan is the capital city of Puerto Rico
- Santo Domingo is the capital city of Dominican Republic
- The Valley is the capital city of Anguilla
- Willemstad is the capital city of Curaçao
For many travelers, the Caribbean represents the ultimate escape. Over 7,000 islands await exploration, surrounded by turquoise waters and home to pristine white beaches. On land, visitors can hike through vivid emerald wilderness, spot sunshine-yellow parrots and glimpse fiery-red orchids, and fish of every color dart through corals in shades of purple and orange under the crystal-clear waters. Bold and colorful in every sense of the word, the Caribbean beckons with its splendid scenery, delectable foods, friendly people and boundless opportunities for exploration, adventure and relaxation.
Due to the close proximity of many Caribbean islands to their neighbors, many travelers today “island hop” around the region, going from shore to shore to experience a variety of scenery and culture in one trip. The first “island hoppers” were actually the Arawaks, Amerindians who ventured west and north throughout the region, from Cuba to the Bahamas. Little else is known about the Arawaks, who lacked a written language, but one Arawak invention can be seen on the beaches of the Caribbean to this day – the hammock.
Life in the region changed forever when, in October, 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the shores of the Bahamas. He also island-hopped and developed the first European settlement on the island that today is split between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Columbus and his fellow conquistadores recognized the riches in the region and saw money when they gazed upon the bountiful seas and fertile land. They exploited both the natural resources and the native populations, claiming lands as their own and enslaving the people of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic and other islands.
The English followed suit in the 17th century, claiming St. Kitts, Barbados, Antigua and other lands, and the French soon followed, claiming Guadeloupe and Martinique. The Dutch also wanted a piece of the Caribbean, settling St. Martin, Saba and Sint Eustatius. For the next two centuries, the Europeans battled for control of the islands, and possession frequently changed hands.
The colonial infighting between European powers created an opportunity for locals to fight for their own independence. Haiti led the way, declaring independence from its colonizer in 1804, and Cuba and the Dominican Republic followed, along with other smaller islands in the region. Some islands, such as Puerto Rico and Guadeloupe, still maintain strong neocolonial relationships with their parent nations.
Modern Caribbean culture has been heavily influenced by the culture and traditions of Europe, along with hints of African culture and others that have come to the islands through immigrant populations. These various waves of migration have formed a truly unique blend of cuisines, music, art, customs and traditions in the region.
One of the most recognizable aspects of Caribbean culture is the region’s music. Although they have roots in both European and African culture, the sounds of reggae, meringue, calypso, rumba and zouk music are distinctly Caribbean. Although the Caribbean islands share aspects of a common culture, each nation offers something unique and distinct to visitors. For stunning scenery and luxury resorts, they head to the Cayman Islands. St. Kitts and Nevis attract with their seclusion and lively music festivals, the unique flair of Barbados combines horse races by day and calypso dancing at night, and the US Virgin Islands draw visitors with their plantation tours and unspoiled beaches.
Nature enthusiasts can explore the botanical gardens underwater limestone caves and offshore reefs of the Bahamas, then gamble at twinkling casinos and delve into pirate lore without ever leaving the islands. In St. Lucia, they can unwind on an isolated beach, then indulge their adrenaline by zip-lining through a rainforest or climbing the Pitons. These are just some of the many unique experiences visitors can have while exploring the islands.
The sun always shines on the region, and many travelers are attracted to the balmy tropical climate when winter strikes their home countries. The temperatures do not vary much throughout the year, with average temps of between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit regardless of season. Trade winds make days and nights relatively comfortable, but humidity can be high year-round. The rainy season arrives in autumn, and hurricane season spans June through November, but satellite forecasts now give plenty of warning so that precautions can be taken during a storm. Truly a year-round destination, there really is never a bad time to visit the Caribbean.
The pleasant weather is one of the reasons that tourism has become a key industry for the Caribbean economy. Millions of people come to the islands every year, but other major industries include textile, clothing and electronics manufacturing and oil refining and production.
Still, most Caribbean economies are largely dependent on tourist dollars. Luckily, there are no signs of the industry slowing. People all over the world dream of spending their days in the shade of palm trees on a sandy beaches, sipping tropical concoctions and feasting on the freshest seafood, dancing to the sweet rhythms of steel-drum bands at night and getting away from it all in an island paradise. The Caribbean offers all this and more, making it one of the world’s premier travel destinations for anyone looking for a true tropical escape.